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Guaita Schoorl b.v.
UN 1202 diesel oil transportation tank
L.go Maestri del Lavoro, 40 - CAMPOGALLIANO (MODENA) – ITALY
Tel. +39 059 521911 – Telefax +39 059 521919
e-mail: info@emiliana

UN 1202 diesel oil transportation tank

HT 980


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This manual is an integral part of the HIPPOTANK and offers an overview of the main legal requirements and advice on how to operate the unit and deal with all the different situations that could arise during the overland transportation of these tanks. Read this manual carefully before using your HIPPOTANK unit in order to avoid any mishandling or incorrect behaviour that might lead to danger and/or non-compliance with the laws in force, which will make you liable to sanctions, even serious ones, by the relevant authorities.
For correct application of all the relevant regulations, please refer to the specific current ADR regulations, as well as art. 168 of the Highway Code, and arts. No. 364÷370 of the Highway Code's Enactment Regulation and additional provisions. Please familiarize yourself with the technical issues EMILIANA SERBATOI srl has stressed in this manual, and always drive extremely carefully. Remember, the presence of hazardous substances will undoubtedly worsen the consequences of any accident that may unfortunately occur.
We therefore recommend that you:
• Never drive unless you are in good psychological/physical condition i.e. not under the influence of alcohol or drugs (prescribed or otherwise) or if you are tired or ill.
• Drive carefully, do not speed, always comply with any speed limit shown on the road signs and avoid any dangerous driving manoeuvre.
This manual also deals with all the EC provisions about use and maintenance of the “machine” (12/24 V D.C. transfer motor pump).
The numbers in brackets found in this manual refer to the photographs and the cross-references thereof and to the key (Chapter 35).
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1 Reference standards
2 UN labelling
3 Initial and periodic testing report
4 CE Declaration (Dir. 98/37/EEC and subsequent modifications)
5 Responsibilities
6 Hazardous goods permitted for transportation (Allowed/non-allowed uses)
7 Features
8 Electrical system
9 Handling
10 Stacking
11 Filling
12 Transfer of IBC's contents
13 Maintenance
14 Cleaning
15 Decommissioning/disposal
16 Tampering
17 Accidents
18 Spare parts
19 Dimensions
20 Key (TFT---)
21 TRANSPORT (instructions)
22 Partial ADR exemptions
23 Personal gear and equipment
24 Vehicle gear and equipment
25 ADR transport document
26 Usage notes and warnings
27 Safety instructions for diesel fuel transportation (fac-simile)
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1 Reference standards :
The current reference standards are the ADR Agreement (for overland transport) and the 98/37/EC Directive (Machinery Directive) for the transfer device.

1.1 TRANSPORT Pursuant to ADR regulations HIPPOTANK is classified as IBC, that is Intermediate Bulk Tank for the transportation of dangerous materials.

The ADR standard is subject to review every two years.
Users shall therefore always take note of and read/view any review, update and modification to the above standards/codes and concerning usage modalities.


The following laws and regulations have been taken into account:
Law/Regulation Subject
PRESIDENTIAL DECREE 547/55Norme per la prevenzione degli infortuni sul lavoro [Workplace accidents prevention regulations]
Legislative Decree 626 of 19/09/94Misure per la tutela della salute e per la sicurezza dei lavoratori [Workers' Safety and Health Protection Provisions]
Legislative Decree No. 493 of August 14, 1996Segnaletica di sicurezza [Safety signs]
Dir. 98/37/EC and further amendments Machinery Directive
PRESIDENTIAL DECREE no. 459 of July 24, 1996Recepimento Direttiva macchine [Adoption of the Machinery Directive]
EN 292-1Safety of machinery - Basic terminology, methodology
EN 292-2Safety of machinery - Specifications and technical principles
EN 60204-1 Electrical equipment of machines.
Directive No. 89/336/EEC - 92/31/EEC Electromagnetic compatibility
EN 61000-6-1 Electromagnetic compatibility - Immunity
EN 61000-6-3 Electromagnetic compatibility - Emission

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The abovementioned laws/regulations are for reference only. EMILIANA SERBATOI srl cannot be held liable for not mentioning any and all laws/regulations/standards related to the user's actual business, and any (especially safety) prescription and recommendation herein, which the user is bound to comply to.

The HIPPOTANK is type approved by the Ministry of Transport pursuant to ADR 2007. The type approval information is found on the identification label riveted on the IBC's housing in the front part:

Meaning of the labelling:
31H2 Code that identifies a self-supporting IBC in rigid plastic to transport liquids
Z Limited suitability to carry hazardous goods belonging to packing group III
xx yy xx indicates the manufacturing month and yy indicates the last two digits of the manufacturing year
I Type approved in Italy
CPABO 0020 Type approval authority code pursuant to ADR standard
ES Emiliana Serbatoi
0 Not stackable (Max. load = 0 kg)
970 Max. gross weight of the IBC (kg)

3.1 Each IBC is delivered complete with an initial testing report issued by the Type Approval Authority, this report certifies that the IBC has been tested and inspected and testing proved that it is fully compliant with the approved prototype. This certificate (see facsimile on page 6) must be kept by the IBC’s owner until the following periodic inspection report is issued (see 3.2)

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3.2 In addition, the IBC must undergo a further inspection within 30 months of commissioning and of the initial testing date. This test shall be carried out by the same Authority or by another accredited authority or institution.
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3.4 Once 30 months have elapsed from the initial inspection date, the IBC cannot be filled again until it has undergone a new inspection. During the 3 months
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following the expiry date, the IBC may be transported, but solely for the purpose of completing a shipping operation begun prior to the expiry date, or to return the empty uncleaned tank. In the case of empty but uncleaned tanks, the IBC can also be carried on vehicles for three months following the expiry date, but ssolely for the purpose of carrying it to the inspection sites. Obviously, an empty and cleaned tank can be transported after the expiry date as in this case it no longer contains hazardous goods and is therefore not required to meet ADR standards.

EMILIANA SERBATOI srl offers a full tank reconditioning service, on our premises or at authorized centres throughout Italy, which includes:
- general inspection of tank condition and proper service equipment operation.
- any reconditioning and/or replacement of defective or damaged parts.
- inspection by an authority or institution accredited for tank renewal.

3.5 According to ADR plastic IBCs (31H2) have a maximum usage life of 5 (five)years.
This means that, 60 months after the initial testing report's expiry date the IBC CAN NO LONGER BE USED to transport hazardous goods. When the aforesaid five year period expires, EMILIANA SERBATOI can, upon user's request, replace the tank with another new tank, issuing also a new serial number and issuing another initial testing report (following the testing) which authorises usage of the IBC for another 5 years. The electric transfer device may be reused if needed, provided it passes the necessary inspections/overhauls.
After removal of the UN label the old tank may be disposed of or returned to the Customer that may use it only for storage/transportation of nonhazardous liquids (not subject to ADR rules), unless otherwise required by regulations normally applied to that specific use of the tank.
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4.1 EMILIANA SERBATOI srl declares that the “machine” is compliant to the Machinery Directive. A fac-simile of the statement of compliance is provided in the following page:

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4.2 EC LABEL (This label is applied inside the cabinet that houses the transfer device)

5.1.1 EMILIANA SERBATOI srl is responsible for its products' full compliance to the laws in force at the moment of the products' delivery. The products shall be manufactured according to the state-of-the-art, using suitable materials and components, fully reliable and corresponding to the obtained certifications/approvals.
5.1.2 In particular, EMILIANA SERBATOI srl is responsible for the evaluation of Essential Safety Reuirements (ESRs) during all the stages of machine operation and maintenance, as well as for the drafting of instructions and warnings focused on minimising residual risks.
5.1.3 EMILIANA SERBATOI srl accepts no responsibility for any event or condition that can be ascribed to:
- the user's failure to comply to instructions, warnings and prohibitions in this manual, especially for what concerns non-allowed product uses according to chapter 6 “allowed/non-allowed uses" and any action or behaviour conflicting with the instructions/recommendations on the warning labels and tags
- improper maintenance or maintenance carried out by unqualified personnel
- use of non original or otherwise non equivalent spare parts
- tampering with safety devices, protections, or altering any calibration/setting in place (see chapter 16)
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- any modification not previously and explicitly authorised by EMILIANA SERBATOI srl
5.2 USER'S RESPONSIBILITIES "User” means every individual entrusted with Operational Management of the IBC for any reason and in any capacity; Therefore, the customer/purchaser is the first and foremost user, who can, if (s)he deems it fit, and at his/her sole responsibility, delegate management of the purchased IBC to other people who have the necessary qualifications.
The User's obligations consist of:
a) Verifying the IBC's compliance to the specifications stated in the order, verifying the presence of EC labelling and of the Manufacturer's EC compliance statement.
b) Preparing all equipment or additional fitting required by the laws in force pertaining:
• Fire Extinguishers
• Individual Protection Equipment
c) Completing the IBC equipment with everything needed to comply to the EMILIANA SERBATOI srl instructions regarding:
• Equipment needed to fasten the IBC to the vehicle
• Suitable equipotential connections
• a suitable power supply line, especially if the transfer device is powered through the vehicle battery (See chap. 8)
d) Circulating this manual, making it always available and easily accessible to all authorised users, making sure they have understood it and at the same time forbidding use and management of the IBC to all those who, in the user's opinion, lack the knowledge and skills required for a safe operation of the IBC.
e) Using and/or ensuring that others use the IBC in full compliance with instructions, prescriptions, warnings and prohibitions in this manual, especially for what concerns not allowed product uses (according to chapter 6), and in compliance with warning labels recommendations.
f) Enacting suitable measures to prevent unauthorised use of the device and monitoring the behaviour of authorised staff.
g) Properly maintaining the IBC by using original or fully equivalent spare parts and in any case having maintenance carried out only by specialised staff, complying with original using configurations, refraining from arbitrarily modifying the product without previously contacting the manufacturer, EMILIANA SERBATOI srl.
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h) Knowing and being familiar with all the laws and regulation that pertain to him/her and to the business he/she runs, regardless of any information material supplied by EMILIANA SERBATOI srl

6.1 Usage: The laws and regulations currently in force authorises use of IBC only to contain and transport hazardous goods, but not as mobile dispensers. The user is fully and solely liable for any non-allowed use not compliant to the allowed/non-allowed uses specified above. The user is fully and solely liable for any non-allowed use that breaches the current tax regulations and/or of the Fire prevention laws and regulations.
6.2.1 ALLOWED MATERIALS: Only DIESEL OIL (Diesel Fuel) UN1202 ADR Class 3 - Packing Group III (minimum flash point 55 ° C pursuant to EN 590:1993)
6.2.2 NON-ALLOWED FLUIDS: a) Any other hazardous material, having a UN ID different from UN 1202.
Some examples of non-allowed materials:
- Petrol (UN 1203)
- Aviation fuel (UN 1863)
- Kerosene (UN 1223)
- Methanol (UN 1230)
- Generic solvents and flammable fluids
- Corrosive chemicals and so on.
The features of the materials used to build the IBC and the transfer device make both unsuitable to carry the following materials:
- Fluids with viscosity > 20 (cSt)
- Water
- Liquids for human consumption

- Temperature: from -20° C to + 60° C
- Relative Humidity: max. 90%
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Max. 30 minutes of continuous operation in nominal flow rate conditions
Max. 2’ minutes in by-pass mode
7 Features
The transfer devices allow flow rates ranging between 35 and 60 (l/min), depending on the type of nozzle and pump, the length of the rubber hose, the availability of the litre counter and the drop between the IBC and the destination tank. These specifications refer to a rubber hose, standard length 5 metres, summarised in the following table:
Transfer DeviceMotor pumpFlow rate l/minMaximum backpressure(by-pass)barRated power WRequired current A
DSE-01-12PIUSI BI-PUMP 12 V72 ÷ 821.733043
DSE-01-24PIUSI BI.PUMP 24 V72 ÷ 821.733022
DSE-02-12PIUSI BY PASS 2000 12 V35 ÷ 401.514024
DSE-02-24PIUSI BY PASS 2000 24 V35 ÷ 4014013



Schema motor pump motor
M electro motor pump
F In line fuse
S1 Motor pump switch
C Connector
T Thermal relais

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Fusibile in linea In-line fuse
Interruttore elettropompa Motor pump switch Connettore bipolare Bipolar connector
Please see the relevant use and maintenance bulletin of the installed pump, which comes with the IBC: PIUS BI- PUMPPIUS BI- PUMP
12 V dc240 W40 A
24 V dc240 W30 A

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- Bollettino M0065 Rev.. 4
- Bollettino M0141 Rev.. 1

12/24V d.c. = verhicle battery
C= Bipolaire connector
D=Isolator/circuit breaker
the device must be fitted professionally by a skilled technician, in compliance with any instructions specified by the vehicle’s manufacturer.

9 HANDLING: This IBC features the following points for connecting lifting devices:
- no° 2 holes (6) on the upper collar, to be used only for lifting with chains or belts
- no° 2 tubular inserts in the base (5), for lifting the IBC (empty or loaded) either
from below, by means of forklifts, or from above, by means of straps passing through the inserts. Lifting the unit with other equipment is not allowed. Never attach/hook lifting means in other points than those expressly described and identified by the relevant graphic symbols.

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HIPPOTANK units cannot be stacked one on top of the other during transport or storage.
(See also § 2 “UN Labelling”)

11 Filling
11.1 make sure to leave a minimal amount of empty space in order to prevent product leaks or emission of vapours caused by the expansion of the contained materials due to the temperature rises during transportation. The maximum amount of product that can be carried is shown (in litres) in the following table.
This table takes into account a filling temperature of 15° C and a max. shipping temperature of 55° the maximum filling percentage cannot exceed 94 %.
Actual geometric capacityMax.transportable capacity (litres) of diesel fuel
filling 94%filling 98%
However, if the difference between the filling and shipping temperature is less than 35°C, the filling percentage can be increased but it cannot exceed 98% in any case. obviously, the better the tank is protected against excessive increases in temperature during shipping (e.g. it is transported in closed bodies or under tarpaulins), the higher the available filling percentage (and therefore the amount of fuel that can be carried) will be. Failure to comply with the maximum filling criteria may cause hazardous material leaks from the tank or also emission of flammable vapours. This is a serious environmental regulation and highway code offence, and in addition to that it is dangerous as it may generate potentially explosive atmospheres or start fires.
11.2 Before filling, always check the IBC for visible or structural defects and faults in the service equipment. after filling, always ensure that the filler neck cap (3) is properly tightened, by locking the unscrew protection spline (8)
11.3 NEVER smoke while filling and never use naked flames in the filling area or near it.

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12 Transfer of IBC's contents:
12.1 Before beginning the transfer it is necessary to set up an adequate (equipotential) connection between the metal cabinet of the transfer unit and the other metal tank in which the product will be transferred, using for example a lead with crocodile clips.
12.2 Never smoke while transferring flammable liquids and Never use naked flames in the transfer area.
12.3 If some diesel oil spills on the ground, use inert absorbent materials (e.g. sand, not rags or sawdust) to soak up the liquid and then scooped up with shovels (metal shovels must be no-spark). The collected material must then be disposed of in suitable tanks, complying with the current waste disposal regulations (see chapter 15)
12.4 after the transfer has been carried out, remove any residue of diesel oil left on the IBC and dispose of said residues properly together with all the polluted object and equipment used for clean up.
12.5 To carry out the transfer follow the instructions below in the exact order in which they are given (diagram in § 8.3):
- Check that the switch (12) on the motor pump (11) is in the “O” position.
- Enable the main supply line by means of the circuit breaker (§ 8.3)
- Unfold the rubber hose (16) and insert the nozzle (17) in the destination tank after locking the lever in the "open" position.
- Rotate the cocks (10) and (14) in “open” position” (1)
- Start the electric motor pump by moving the switch (12) in "I" position
- Carry out the transfer within 2 minutes after the motor pump start-up
- Check that the desired filling percentage has been reached or wait for the overflow click (with automatic nozzles).
After the transfer has been completed, carry out the following operations in the same order provided here:
- Switch off the main switch on the pump body (Pos. “0”).
- Rotate the cock (10) in "CLOSED" position (1)
- Drain out some more liquid by pulling and holding the nozzle (17) trigger quickly, until all the remaining pressure in the delivery hose has been discharged.
- Rotate the cock (14) in "CLOSED" position” (1)

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- Roll up the hose (16) and replace it in the metal cabinet, hanging the nozzle (17) to its support.
- Disconnect voltage from the main supply line by means of the circuit breaker.
(1) In the “CLOSED” position the cock's lever or wing knob is rotated so that it forms a 90 degree angle with the hose; In the “OPEN” position the lever or wing knob of the cock is rotated so that it is parallel to the hose.

In any case, do not fill the destination tank excessively. Always leave an adequate minimum empty space to allow fluid to expand freely.

When the vehicle is running the power supply line (connected to the battery terminals) must never be live. Deactivate it using the circuit breaker.

It is strictly forbidden to replace the removable bipolar connector with a permanent connection to the vehicle's battery. It is also forbidden to set up loose connections to the vehicle battery (e.g. crocodile clips); the sparks this connection may generate are not only dangerous in presence of flammable materials, but also for the dangers they pose for the vehicle's electric parts. To prevent the production of dangerous sparks, never plug or unplug the unit when the power supply is switched on.

The user must maintain the IBC and all its devices and equipment in good condition and working order, and in particular:
• check that the IBC is watertight, looking out in particular for fluid leaking from the filler neck (3), the cocks (10) and (14), the fittings of the priming pipe (9) and delivery pipe (13).
• check that all hazardous substance identification markings on the outside of the tank (e.g.“UN 1202”) are in good conditions (legible), otherwise replace them with newer ones.
• check that the ADR danger labels are in good condition; if they are worn, they must be replaced with new labels of the same type.
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• Check that signs indicating the lifting points are in good condition, if they are worn, they must be replaced with new signs of the same type, affixed in the same position

14 CLEANING The IBC and the transfer device must be kept clean both from external agents (dirt, dust and so on), and from accidental spillage of hazardous material as a result of filling, leaks and transfers. Use only non-corrosive products for cleaning metal parts and for all cables and plastic materials in general. Choose neutral or slightly alkaline degreasants. Steam-jet cleaning equipment (pulivapor), may be used provided the steam jet is not directly aimed at components of the electrical system or to the tags/sticker labels applied on the IBC body and the metal cabinet and on the metal cabinet that houses the transfer device)

The decommissioned IBC is a hazardous waste that must be properly disposed of as follows:
- removing the residual diesel oil and transfer it to suitable tanks. Contact the waste disposal company for further information on the most suitable tanks for waste disposal.
- Handing over the IBC and all other tanks, if any, to a suitable waste disposal company registered in the Waste Disposal Companies register and possessing the required qualifications for hazardous waste disposal.

16 TAMPERING In addition to the provisions of chapter 18, no tampering or alteration to the IBC's electric transfer device is allowed;
in particular: it is strictly forbidden to:
• replace the socket-plug power supply system with a permanent connection or with such loose connection systems unable to prevent the sparks generated by live connections.
• replace any part of the equipment with non original ones, lacking the Manufacturer warranty for pressure burst testing.
• Modifying the calibration of the decompression device

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• Install additional venting equipment

17 ACCIDENTS: If the IBC’s housing and/or protective structure, and/or any of its devices and equipment are damaged in any way, the IBC must undergo a mandatory special inspection by the authorized inspection institution and a new test report must be issued. The next inspection will have to be carried out within 30 months from the date of this special inspection's report, although the 60 months maximum usage period still applies (see § 3.1).

18 SPARE PARTS The necessary modifications or replacement of parts of the tank following damage, accidents or tampering can be carried out exclusively at EMILIANA SERBATOI srl plants or by our authorized service centres as all these operations are considered “reconditioning” and, as such, requires reissue of the testing report (see §§ 3.1 and chapter 17).
For what concerns the transfer motor pump, refer to the use and maintenance bulletin supplied with the installed pump.


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According to the ADR standard, the IBCs are classified as simple packages of dangerous goods, and therefore no ADR approval of the vehicle is required pursuant to MOT – B058 circular of 18/06/99
The following recommendations shall in any case be complied with:
21.1 The IBC shall correspond to ADR provisions as far as carried goods labelling and signs are concerned:
21.1.1 LABELLING The IBC shall feature two ADR diamond-shaped dangerous goods labels identifying the dangerous goods transported (type 3 - flammable)
21.1.2 The UN ID of carried goods (UN 1202) shall be clearly visible and easily readable on the IBC.
21.2 N EVER begin transport if leaks of hazardous materials or visible damage to the IBC structure and/or service equipment have been found and ascertained.
21.3 The IBC must be kept clean and all residues of the hazardous substance transported must be removed from its exterior.
21.4 The IBC must be fixed stably and securely to the vehicle bed using cables, belts, chains, quick couplings or any other system that can prevent the IBC from moving or sliding around on the load bed.
21.5 The area around the safety valve (4) on the IBC must be kept clear to prevent hindrance by other parts of the load or any other element that may hinder its normal operation.
21.6 All precautions must be taken to prevent the accumulation of electrostatic charges during transport; therefore, we recommend installation of an anti static device on the vehicle chassis (e.g. chains or anti-static belts), touching the ground, and it is also necessary to make sure that a suitable electrical connection with the metal cabinet of the transfer device is prepared, This way, any electrostatic charges that may accumulate on the IBC during transport can be discharged to the ground through the chassis, reducing the risk of shocks or sparks during handling.
21.7 During transportation of flammable liquids, NEVER carry rags or other easily flammable objects on the vehicle.

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21.8 Both the cut-off cocks (10) and (14) shall be kept closed during transportation.
21.9 Remember that for the transportation of dangerous goods, no overload tolerance is admitted by the current Highway Code with respect to the max. Gross Vehicle Mass assigned to the vehicle during type approval and stated on its registration document. The IBC constitutes a significantly concentrated load in any case and in particular in relation to the fully loaded weight of light trucks. Therefore, positioning the IBC too far forward or too far back on the load bed can cause an overload on the front or rear axle. This could be detrimental to driving safety as far as tyres, brakes and grip are concerned.
21.10 Careful driving is recommended (especially in the event of partial loads) as the movement of the liquid masses inside the IBC, even if restrained by the peculiar internal geometry of the IBC, can decrease the vehicle's grip and road holding capabilities.
21.11 The vehicle must be equipped with the number and type (capacity) of fire extinguishers stated in the ADR regulations (see also §§ 22.3 – 22.4).
21.12 Overland transportation of hazardous goods is regulated by ADR and also by special provisions stated in Ministry of Transport circular letters, that regulate the different types of vehicle bodies allowed: Fixed body vehicles (vans, trucks with fixed tank , flat tanks, etc.) no authorisation is required for transporting packages of goods in this type of vehicles, however it is mandatory to use suitable load fastening means and compliance to any applicable special provision pursuant to 3.2.1 ADR (Table A, Column 16), and none for diesel oil UN 1202.

Transportation of hazardous goods in packages on roll-off or demountable body vehicles requires body approval pursuant to circular no. 4790 – MOT2/C of 12/12 2001 (See Note #). Handling is allowed on empty bodies only.

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Use of vehicles with tipping bodies for transportation of hazardous goods in packages has been openly declared forbidden by the Ministry of Transport on more than one occasion (See Note #)

NOTE: (#) Although circular no. 4790 – MOT2/C of December 12, 2001 refers to and accepts almost all the provisions of previous circular no. B083 of September 22, 1998, it does not contain nor cites any reference to the circular's scope of application which, in the first draft of the aforesaid circular, did not include transports exempted pursuant to ADR. Currently the Ministry has not issued any official statement to the effect that the apparent difference between the letter of the two circulars represents the actual intention of the Ministry to extend the circular's scope of application to all transports, regardless of their being eligible for exemption, such being the case for a single IBC carrying UN 1202 diesel oil. EMILIANA SERBATOI srl informs the users about all applicable and reference standards, however we wish to point out that we have no authority or status whatsoever to provide users with the official and authentic interpretation of these regulations. The duly informed user has the sole responsibility for any choice made basing on his/her personal knowledge, evaluations and interpretations of the standards. In any case, full compliance to all warnings described above will make it possible for the user to work safely, as they have been drafted according to the strictest interpretation of the aforesaid regulations.

22.1 When transporting dangerous substances in quantities below certain limits (for UN 1202 diesel fuel the limit is 1000 litres), the ADR standard provides for a series of exemptions to the provisions that would otherwise be applied. (1) This regime, called partial ADR exemption regime, is applied also to UN 1202 diesel fuel (up to 1000 litres).
22.2 RULES WHICH ARE NOT APPLIED: If the Partial ADR exemption regime applies:
• The driver is not required to have any ADR special licence.
• Application of the orange “dangerous load” panels on the front and rear of the vehicle is not mandatory
• Passengers are allowed on board of the vehicle in addition to the crew members which are always allowed (2)
• Compliance to ADR on-board safety rules and requirements regarding the dangerous materials carried (trem-card) is not required
• No special personal or vehicle equipment is required

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• The manufacturer is not obliged to appoint the Transport Security Authorised Consultant (Legislative Decree no. 40/2000).
The following requirements and obligations apply in all cases:
• All IBC and packaging used shall be type approved
• There must be at least one 2 kg ABC powder fire extinguisher. suitable for extinguishing fires in the engine; the extinguisher shall be easily accessible, sealed and inspected once every six months as stated in the tag.
• The portable lighting device (if any) shall be anti-spark (non-metallic)
• The ADR transport document is mandatory, it shall be duly filled up and it shall include the documents detailing the quantities of the hazardous goods actually transported, necessary to prove that the maximum amount to be granted exemption has not been exceeded.
• It is obligatory to comply to the maximum allowed filling percentage (see chapter. 11).
• It is necessary to check that the IBC is not damaged, especially for what concerns closing and sealing devices.
• The IBC shall be kept clean and any residue of hazardous goods shall be removed from the exterior.
• Always ensure that the IBC is stable and protected from any unexpected shock or movement on the load bed, guaranteeing visibility of danger labels.
• The danger labels shall be in perfect status, replace them if they are worn.
• In case of spillage of dangerous materials on the load bed, thoroughly clean the load bed.
• Always ensure adequate training to the shipment, transportation, loading and unloading staff; training shall be proportionate to the staff's responsibilities and tasks, especially as regards the specific dangers incurred by carried materials during transport or loading/unloading operations. Training shall make use of adequate documents, which shall be properly updated every time there are changes or updates to the relevant regulations (ADR or Highway Code). (3)
(1) If the vehicle is used to carry other dangerous goods belonging to different ADR Classes and packing groups, the maximum limit for exemption may be different than 1000 litres. In this case, please refer to chapter 1.1.3 of ADR to calculate the maximum amount of dangerous goods that can be carried.
(2) Please remember that, pursuant to the current Italian national laws and regulations, it is in any case forbidden to carry on board a truck any individual who does not carry out a task related to goods loading/unloading/transportation, and such connection must be easily and clearly verifiable

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(3) This means that the driver's possession of the ADR special licence does not guarantee, by itself, that ADR provisions have been complied with in case any amendment or change to ADR regulation has taken place after the licence has been released. In this case the Manufacturer must provide the driver with adequate additional training and record this additional training in the driver's personal file.
the following prohibitions apply in all cases:
• No smoking (on board the vehicle and near it)
• No tampering with the carried packages/goods
• Never use any naked flame for lighting (e.g. cigarette lighters)
• Never transport packages (or IBCs) if any leak has been detected or if the package/IBC is not properly fastened on the load bed
• Never drive the vehicle in tunnels which feature the no access to hazardous goods sign at the entrance.
• Never use the IBC after the Initial testing report or the periodic testing report have expired.
22.4 If the total amount of hazardous materials carried exceeds the limits set forth in point of the A DR agreement (e.g. 1000 litres for Diesel fuel, or ), no exemption from the ADR provisions is applicable. Please refer to the official ADR Agreement text, to the driver's training and knowledge (remember that the driver shall hold an ADR special licence in any case) and ADR obligations for the manufacturer in terms of staff training and appointment (if required) of a Consultant for supervision of dangerous goods transportation, pursuant to Legislative Decree no. 40 of February 4, 2000, or, in all cases required, the procedures needed to request exemption from appointment.

23 PERSONAL GEAR AND EQUIPMENT: Even if the Partial ADR Exemptions are applicable, it is recommended to use the following suitable Individual Protection Equipment (IPE), which are also required to comply with the workplace accidents prevention and health legislation in force
(Presidential Decree no.547/55 – Legislative Decree no 626/94):
- 1 pair of work gloves
- 1 pair of anti-skid boots
- complete eye protection goggles
- Pure, fresh water to wash the eyes in case of contamination by hazardous substances.
If the transportation is not exempted from ADR provisions (e.g. simultaneous transportation of 920 litres of diesel oil with 1 Hippotank+ five 25 Litre canisters, total 1020 litres) then it is necessary to have all the IPE required by the carried material's safety instructions (trem-card) which shall be available on board the vehicle (Chapter26).

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24 VEHICLE GEAR AND EQUIPMENT: Even if the Partial ADR exemption regime applies, it is nevertheless recommended to have the following equipment on board the vehicle: a sufficient quantity of an inert absorbent material (e.g. sand), a tool with which to scrape it up (e.g. non-sparking shovel or spade), somewhere to store it (e.g. packing III or better drum/bin). Conversely, if the Transportation is not exempted from ADR provisions, all the safety equipment and devices required by the transported hazardous substance safety instructions (Chapter 26) shall be available.

25.1 According to ADR the Transport Document (T.D.) is mandatory. The T.D. shall contain and explicitly state:
a) Consignor name and address
b) Receiver(s) name and address(es)
c) The UN abbreviation followed by the UN ID of the substance (for diesel oil: 1202)
d) Official designation of the carried material (e.g. DIESEL FUEL, or DIESEL OIL)
e) The ADR Class of the substance (for diesel oil: 3)
f) The packing group of the material (for diesel oil: III) Example of line containing the information in c), d), e), f): “UN 1202 DIESEL FUEL, 3, III “
g) Number and description of the packages (e.g. N° 1 IBC 31H2.)
h) The total amount of dangerous material (e.g. 920 litres) If the transportation is subject to ADR exemption, the amount to be used when calculating the exemption must also be provided, followed by the formula: “Transport does not exceed the exemption limits outlined in chapter of ADR”
25.2 The ADR T.D. does not, in any way, replace any other document that may be required by applicable regulations (e.g. packing list for tax purposes)
25.3 ADR does not use nor supply a standard form for the T.D.; Any facsimile form can be used as long as it contains the required information.

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The packing list itself can represent a valid ADR T.D. provided it contains all information required in point § 25.1.
25.4 The T.D. can be quite complex if the IBC is gradually emptied at a number of intermediary destinations as in this case each leg of the transport's route will feature different quantities of transported goods. What is more, it is not unusual to have to carry 2 IBCs at the same time whose total weight, at the outset, exceeds the limits for exemptions but falls within these limits when one of the two tanks is totally emptied. in this case either of the following documents can be used:
- different transport documents, to be issued when leaving each of the intermediate stations where the load is emptied, or
- a single document, drafted to take into account the reduction in the load, with space reserved for the subsequent recalculation of the exact amounts remaining after each consignment has been made. EMILIANA SERBATOI srl can provide, upon users' request, a user guide to filling the Transport Document, which focuses especially on this kind of document and takes into account gradual load reductions. This guide provides a simple, informative aid for staff, without attempting to cover all the possible situations that could actually occur. It does not represent a full description of the applicable legal requirements, nor does it replace the mandatory provisions of Chapter 5.4 OF ADR.


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Fac-simile of the sticker label applied on the inside of the door of the metal cabinet that houses the equipment.

27 SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS FAC-SIMILE (trem-card) X UN 1202 (mandatory only if ADR exemption limits have been exceeded)

- Liquid with perceptible odour
- Immiscible in water
Danger no:30
UN ID:3202
ADR Class:1
Packing group:III
Label model:3
NATURE OF DANGER: < - The substance, if mixed with air, can generate an explosive mixture, especially in empty and uncleaned tanks
- The heat causes pressure to rise, with subsequent danger of burst and explosion

GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS FOR THE DRIVER Inform the police and the fire brigade
- Stop the engine
- Do not use naked flames. Never smoke
- Notify the presence of danger by means of road signs and inform other people travelling on the same road about it
- Make sure all unauthorised people leave the danger zone

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ADDITIONAL MEASURES - Block any leak if there is no danger
- Prevent the liquid from flowing inside the sewers
- Absorb the spilled liquids by means of sand, soil or dirt or other nonflammable material
- If the product has flowed into the sewers or in a body of water, or it has polluted the earth or the flora, inform the Police about it.
- Cool down the (i) tank (i) on fire or reached by the (i) fire by spraying it with water
- Extinguish the fire with atomised water, foam or chemical powder
- Do not use water jets
- Always remain upwind
- Complete eye protection goggles
- Rubber or plastic gloves
- Anti-skid boots
- Bottle filled with pure, fresh water for washing eyes
VEHICLE EQUIPMENT - inert absorbent material to soak up spillages
- Drain gully lid
- Suitable equipment to collect and store the recovered product
FIRST AID - If eyes are hit by the hazardous substance, wash them immediately and for several minutes with abundant water
- Immediately remove all contaminated clothes and wash the skin using abundant water. Further information about the consignor: Telephone (for emergencies)30 1202 The motor pump manufacturer bulletin, which EMILIANA SERBATOI srl provides alongside each HIPPOTANK, represents an integral feature of this use and maintenance manual.

Here are the codes of the bulletins of the various types of motor pumps used:
- M0065 (Rev. 4) PIUSI mod. BY-PASS 2000
- M0141A (Rev. 1) PIUSI mod. BIPUMP
Each bulletin contains useful information for the User, concerning:
• identification and position of each component
• troubleshooting guide
• proper commissioning of the equipment and its maintenance.
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EMILIANA SERBATOI srl reserves the right to make any alterations or additions to this publication it deems fit and is not required to update any copies distributed prior to this. The reference standards indicated herein are valid as of the date at the bottom. Whenever the reference standards are modified, please check and confirm the validity of the contents herein. EMILIANA SERBATOI srl explicitly forbids copying, publication and/or circulation of this publication, which is strictly for internal use by the company that has purchased the IBC. Reproduction, even partial reproduction, and distribution of this document are strictly forbidden without prior authorization from EMILIANA SERBATOI srl. Anyone found breaching any of these provisions is liable to prosecution.